Prevention of tuberculosis

This summary information on prevention is intended for educational purposes only and does not replace medical advice or advice from a health professional. For specific questions or concerns about your health, always consult a qualified healthcare professional.

A few tips for the prevention of tuberculosis


  • If you have symptoms of tuberculosis or have been exposed to an infection, seek medical attention immediately and follow your doctor’s instructions.
  • Avoid sharing cups, utensils, and foods with people who may have tuberculosis.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with small paper or your elbow when sneezing or coughing to prevent the spread of bacteria.
  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially after contact with infected individuals or surfaces.
  • Ensure good ventilation in the premises to reduce the risk of airborne transmission of tuberculosis.
  • If you have taken medication for tuberculosis, follow the treatment regimen and complete the entire course, even if you feel better, to prevent resistance to the drugs.
  • People who have been in close contact with those infected with tuberculosis should be tested and, if necessary, treated.
  • If you are caring for someone with tuberculosis, observe hygiene measures to prevent the spread of infection.


By following these prevention measures, you can reduce your risk of tuberculosis infection and help control this disease.


Tuberculosis is a serious infectious disease that is transmitted from person to person by airborne drip. It is caused by tuberculosis bacteria and mainly affects the respiratory organs. Tuberculosis is a treatable disease. Treatment lasts relatively long – a minimum of six months, and requires mandatory observance of all the doctor’s recommendations. Symptoms are: cough lasting more than 2 weeks, chest pain, blood discharge with sputum, weakness or easy fatigue, weight loss, lack of appetite, increased body temperature, night sweats.


The infection is transmitted by patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, which secrete tuberculosis bacteria. People in close contact can become infected by breathing air containing these bacteria, sneezing, coughing, or giving off phlegm from the patient. Especially vulnerable to the close environment of the patients are children, the elderly over 65 years and people with impaired body defenses (chronic stress, insufficient and inadequate nutrition, alcohol and drug dependence, infection with the HIV virus, concomitant chronic diseases, etc.


There is a risk of disease with close contact with a person sick with tuberculosis of the respiratory tract, if you are not vaccinated against tuberculosis, spend a long time in confined spaces with many people, the body’s resistance is weakened, you have alcohol and drug dependence, concomitant chronic diseases, you are carriers of the HIV virus.


In crisis situations, these risks increase.


Diagnosis and treatment for tuberculosis are carried out in the regional medical institution for the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis.


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